What is dry eye?

eye

Dry eye is a general term used to describe a lack of wetness in the eye. It can be a chronic (ongoing) medical condition – often called ocular surface disease – caused by factors such as aging, hormonal changes (menopause), surgery, contact lenses, or certain medications. Dry eye can make it difficult to perform some activities, such as using a computer or reading for long periods of time. It can also lower your tolerance for dry environments, such as the air inside an office or an airplane. Dry eye symptoms include irritation, dryness, tired eyes, excessive tearing, blurred vision, grittiness, burning,
stinging and scratchiness. You are not alone. Millions of people suffer from dry eye, making it one of the most common conditions reported to eye doctors today.

Tear film problems and how they relate to dry eye :
The tear film is a thin layer of liquid that washes over your eyes to keep them moist and protected. The tear film is made up of 3 balanced components – if any component becomes depleted, the tear film will be unable to properly coat your eyes and dry spots can form.

7 Tips for people with dry eye 

Although there is no cure for dry eye, these tips will help you manage your symptoms and make you feel more comfortable.

  • Talk to your doctor about diagnosing your exact type of dry eye, and then recommending one of the many treatments right for you.
  • Take reading breaks when working at a computer to give your eyes a rest.
  • Drink more water eight 8-ounce glasses each day is optimal.
  • Avoid irritants such as pollen, pollution, smoke, and other airborne particles.
  • Use a warm compress once or twice a day to help add moisture to your eyes.
  • Consider adding omega-3 supplements to your diet to helppromote healthy tears.
  • Practice proper eye hygiene. Gentle cleansing wipes can help.

 

Dipetik dari i-exposure Vol 18 by Assoc. Prof. Dr Andrew Lim Keat Eu (Consultant Ophthalmologist,Cataract & Vitreo-Retinal Surgeon)

Hubungi Perwakilan Island Hospital Penang – 0811657299/ 081533318356/ 085296335566

Advertisements

Travelling During Pregnancy (Part 1)

In an increasingly connected world today and with rising affluence coupled with more affordable, convenient and comfortable travelling modes, more and more women are travelling during their pregnancies. However there is always anxiety for women on whether travelling affects them or their babies.

Hence, let’s review the common modes of commute and peruse if they affect the pregnancies in any way, at the various trimesters of pregnancy.

Travelling can generally be by land, air or sea. Land travel will either be by automobiles or train. Air travel will either be in pressurised aircrafts i.e. larger commercial aircrafts, or smaller non pressurised aircrafts.

TRAVELLING BY PLANE

For an uneventful healthy pregnancy, it is generally safe to fly throughout the pregnancy until 36 weeks at the latest. However, for certain high risk pregnancies, it’s better to stay closer to
home and hospital. The risk of miscarriage is highest in the first trimester, whether one is travelling or not. Also in the first trimester, morning sickness, gastrointestinal discomfort and poor energy levels may render travelling an unpleasant experience. Meanwhile the risk of premature labour is highest after the 34th week. Here, some pregnant women may opt to carry a summary of their pregnancy records with them during their travels in case they require emergency obstetric care whilst away from home. Hence the safest time to travel is between the 14th – 27th weeks.

Is it safe to
walk through
airport
screening
machines while
pregnant?

Most airports scan passengers with metal detectors using low-frequency electromagnetic fields to look for forbidden objects. The low levels of electromagnetic fields that a metal detector emits, is generally safe. Sometimes the security personnel use electromagnetic ‘wands’ to pass over passengers who trigger the alarms. These are also safe.

Luggage X-ray machines however, are not safe. They emit radiation like normal medical X-rays machines. They are meant only for bags and inanimate objects. Therefore do NOT place your hand through the curtain of the screening machine. There will be significant levels of
radiation.

There are now new types of body scanning machines in certain airports in the United States and other places. One of them, the “backscatter” machine, uses low-level X-rays to create an image of the surface of your body to detect objects hidden under clothes. This machine may not be entirely safe. Another type, the “millimeter wave” machine, uses electromagnetic waves and is less controversial.

The US Transportation Safety Administration (TSA) claims that the radiation exposurefrom the backscatter machine emits less than 1/1,000 of the radiation given off in a standard chest X-ray, or the equivalent of two minutes of high-altitude flight. Hence it is safe. However, some medical experts question whether the machines have been tested thoroughly enough and what would happen if a machine malfunctions. Therefore, in
pregnancy, you can insist for a physical “pat down” search instead.

Is the
airplane cabin
pressure safe?

All commercial planes maintain a standard level of cabin pressure. If your pregnancy has been uneventful, this pressure is safe. However, because the air pressure in the cabin is less than the normal pressure on land, your heart rate and blood pressure will increase to enable you to take in the oxygen you need. For women with severe anemia, sickle cell disease, a history of blood clot or a condition called ‘Intrauterine Growth Restriction’ (IUGR), you or your baby may have oxygen deficiency and should avoid flying.

Flying in unpressurized small planes is a different matter. If you’re cruising say, at 10,000 feet, for example, that’s just like standing atop a 10,000-foot mountain. Your cardiovascular system will have to work harder to supply you and your baby with sufficient oxygen, so it’s probably wise to avoid unpressurized planes.

Dipetik dari i-exposure Vol 18 by Dr Eric Soh Boh Swee (Consultant Obstetrician & Gynaecologist – Island Hospital Penang

Hubungi Perwakilan Island Hospital Penang – 0811657299/ 081533318356/ 085296335566

pregnant.jpg

Cara Mengatasi Nyeri pada Leher

Nyeri pada leher atau kaku leher merupakan suatu keluhan yang cukup sering muncul. Pada sebagian kasus memang nyeri pada leher merupakan suatu kondisi yang tidak perlu dikhawatirkan namun pada beberapa individu nyeri pada leher menjadi suatu keadaan yang sangat menggangu.
Nyeri pada leher biasanya muncul akibat beberapa penyebab seperti salah posisi tidur, menggunakan komputer dengan waktu yang lama, ataupun akibat salah posisi duduk. Kecemasan dan stres juga dapat menyebabkan nyeri pada leher.

CARA MENGATASI NYERI pada leher di rumah :

  • Bila sangat nyeri, Anda dapat mengkonsumsi obatobatan untuk nyeri seperti parasetamol, ibuprofen ataubeberapa anti-nyeri yang dapat dioles.
  • Cobalah untuk mengompres leher dengan kompres panas dan dingin yang akan dapat mengurangi nyeri dan kekakuan otot.
  • Tidur dengan jumlah bantal yang tidak tinggi atau cobalah untuk tidur dengan 1 bantal saja, hindari tidur dengan 2 atau 3 bantal selama masih ada nyeri dan kaku leher
  • Coba periksa postur tubuh Anda saat duduk, cobalah untuk selalu bersender dan tegap, namun hindari postur terlalu kaku.
  • Hindari menyetir mobil selama leher Anda kaku dan nyeri.
  • Bila leher nyeri disebabkan oleh otot yang terkilir coba untuk lakukan olahraga leher seperti gerakkan kepala Anda ke atas dan ke bawah serta gerakkan kepala ke samping kiri dan kanan.
  • Bila Anda sudah lama bekerja depan komputer, coba istirahat sejenak untuk melemaskan otot-otot pada leher.
  • Koreksi posisi duduk Anda jika beraktivitas di depan komputer dalam waktu lama. Pastikan posisi duduk Anda baik dan benar. Pastikan posisi tubuh yang baik dan benar dalam beraktivitas di kantor dan keseharian

Selalu ingat untuk konsultasi dengan dokter bila nyeri leher semakin berat sebab nyeri leher dalam waktu yang lama dapat disebabkan oleh beberapa penyakit seperti kelainan pada tulang, trauma, penyakit degenerative atau
tumor.

Dipetik dari i-exposure Vol 18

Hubungi Perwakilan Island Hospital Penang – 0811657299/ 081533318356/ 085296335566

 

a

 

 

 

“The Bug” called H. Pylori (Part 1)

Suffering from these symptoms?

  • Discomfort or pain in the stomach area
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Feeling full or bloated after a small meal
  • Feeling tired without an obvious reason
  • Vomiting blood or having blood in the stool

These might be caused by “The Bug” called H.Pylori

———————————————————-

What is Helicobacter pylori?

Helicobacter pylori or H.pylori , is the bacteria that causes stomach infection. The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that approximately two-third of the world’s population is infected,with higher infection rates in developing countries. Human is its reservoir.

hpylori

What does H. pylori do?

H.pylori damages the mucous coating that protect the stomach and duodenum. Long term exposure to the acidic digestive juices eventually leads to the development of ulcers. H.pylori causes up to 80% of gastric ulcers and mor’ than 90% of duodenal ulcers.

hpylori2

———————————————————-

H.Pylori and stomach cancer

The World Health Organization (WHO) classified H.pylori as Group 1,definite carcinogen (cancer-causing agent) in humans. Individuals infected with H.pylori will have a 20-fold or even higher risk compare to those uninfected.

Its elimination is therefore the most promising strategy to reduce the incidence of gastric cancer for infected individuals. Howevers,most people who are infected will not develop cancer.

hpylori3

 

Untuk keterangan lanjut, boleh konsultasi dengan:

Dr Seow Eng Lok (MD (UKM), MRCP (UK), MAGA (USA)

Consultant Gastroenterologist & Hepatologist

Hubungi Perwakilan Island Hospital Penang – 0811657299/ 081533318356/ 085296335566

 

Pembentukan Hidung (Nose Shaping Surgery)

Bedah pembentukan hidung dapat membantu mencapai hidung mancung dan berdimensi tinggi.Hidung merupakan struktur pusat dan menonjol dari wajah seseorang; hidung yang berbentuk ideal merupakan identitas daya tarik bagi perempuan, dan simbol kepercayaan diri dan keluarbiasaan pada pria.

Apa yang bisa dicapai dengan melakukan bedah hidung?

  • Pembesaran Jembatan Hidung
  • Pembetulan Punuk Hidung
  • Pembetulan ketidaksimetrisan dan penyimpangan hidung
  • Pemanjangan hidung pesek
  • Perbaikan dan penonjolan hujung hidung
  • Pengurangan dasar hidung

hidung

Untuk anda yang ingin berkonsultasi dengan :

Plastic Surgery Clinic – Dr Darren Khoo Teng Lye (Island Hospital Penang)

(M.D., Master of Surgery (plastic Surgery), FADUSM, AMM, Dip.AAAM(USA), Fellowship in Oculopastic and Aesthetic Surgery (DCUMC, Korea)

Appointment dan Informasi Lebih Lanjut:

Hubungi Perwakilan Island Hospital Penang – 0811657299/081533318356/085296335566

Bedah,Plastik Rekonstruksi dan Estetik

Proses penuaan menyebabkan kulit lentur waktu muda kita kehilangan elastisitas, sehingga menyebabkan kendur,keriput dan pigmentasi yang tidak merata. Prosedur peremajaan wajah bisa mengembalikan gejala penuaan wajah.

Tanpa-Operasi dan Peremajaan Wajah dengan Laser

  • Penghalus Wajah dengan laser (pigmentasi,berkerut,jaringan parut jerawat,pori-pori terbuka)
  • Pembesaran Filler Wajah
  • Botulinum Toxin, Suntikan untuk keriput wajah
  • Tanam benang
  • Penerapan Trombosit Kaya Plasma
  • Pelangsing wajah dan pengetatan dengan Radiofrequency
  • Facelift ultrasound yang fokus pada inensitas tinggi

Operasi Minimal Line V Wajah Invasif

  • Transfer Micro-Fat Graft dengan Stem Sel / PRP
  • Sedok lemak wajah (rahang,dagu ganda)
  • Face Lift kecil
  • Neck Lift

Operasi Estetik Kelopak Mata

Bedah estetik kelopak mata adalah salah satu prosedur paling umum bagi mereka yang berjuang untuk mendapatkan mata lebih besar dan diremajakan. Semakin kelopak mata anda yang turun,naik atau keduanya disegarkan, itu dapat membuat perbedaan dan dampak besar pada bagaimana anda melihat dan merasa.

eye

Untuk anda yang ingin berkonsultasi dengan :

Plastic Surgery Clinic – Dr Darren Khoo Teng Lye (Island Hospital Penang)

(M.D., Master of Surgery (plastic Surgery), FADUSM, AMM, Dip.AAAM(USA), Fellowship in Oculopastic and Aesthetic Surgery (DCUMC, Korea)

Appointment dan Informasi Lebih Lanjut:

Hubungi Perwakilan Island Hospital Penang – 0811657299/081533318356

email : islandpg@hotmail.com