What is dry eye?


Dry eye is a general term used to describe a lack of wetness in the eye. It can be a chronic (ongoing) medical condition – often called ocular surface disease – caused by factors such as aging, hormonal changes (menopause), surgery, contact lenses, or certain medications. Dry eye can make it difficult to perform some activities, such as using a computer or reading for long periods of time. It can also lower your tolerance for dry environments, such as the air inside an office or an airplane. Dry eye symptoms include irritation, dryness, tired eyes, excessive tearing, blurred vision, grittiness, burning,
stinging and scratchiness. You are not alone. Millions of people suffer from dry eye, making it one of the most common conditions reported to eye doctors today.

Tear film problems and how they relate to dry eye :
The tear film is a thin layer of liquid that washes over your eyes to keep them moist and protected. The tear film is made up of 3 balanced components – if any component becomes depleted, the tear film will be unable to properly coat your eyes and dry spots can form.

7 Tips for people with dry eye 

Although there is no cure for dry eye, these tips will help you manage your symptoms and make you feel more comfortable.

  • Talk to your doctor about diagnosing your exact type of dry eye, and then recommending one of the many treatments right for you.
  • Take reading breaks when working at a computer to give your eyes a rest.
  • Drink more water eight 8-ounce glasses each day is optimal.
  • Avoid irritants such as pollen, pollution, smoke, and other airborne particles.
  • Use a warm compress once or twice a day to help add moisture to your eyes.
  • Consider adding omega-3 supplements to your diet to helppromote healthy tears.
  • Practice proper eye hygiene. Gentle cleansing wipes can help.


Dipetik dari i-exposure Vol 18 by Assoc. Prof. Dr Andrew Lim Keat Eu (Consultant Ophthalmologist,Cataract & Vitreo-Retinal Surgeon)

Hubungi Perwakilan Island Hospital Penang – 0811657299/ 081533318356/ 085296335566